Upstart is an event-based replacement for the /sbin/init daemon which handles starting of tasks and services during boot, stopping them during shutdown and supervising them while the system is running.
基於NIH Utility Library來實作. libnih is a small library for C application development containing functions that, despite its name, are not implemented elsewhere in the standard library set.
Starting a Service
/etc/init.d/myservice start # Upstart service myservice start
Stopping a Service
# Traditional: /etc/init.d/myservice stop # Upstart service myservice stop
Getting a list of Services
# Traditional: ls /etc/init.d # Upstart: service --status-all
Each job has a life-cycle which is shown in the graph below:
其他相關project Mac OSX Launchd http://launchd.macosforge.org/trac/
Fedora systemd http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd/
OpenRC (Gentoo/BSD) http://www.ohloh.net/p/openrc
Sabayon Linux http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EINIT
Why systemd? http://0pointer.de/blog/projects/why.html